Sea Turtle Facts and Important Information You Should Know – Sea is a home for millions of animals and Coral reefs. One of the sea animals that inhabit almost all oceans are sea turtles. Well, it is a unique animal where it has a shell in the body. That is only one of many sea turtle facts which most people know.
If you are a person who cares toward sea life, of course, you must search for it. By the way, are you here to look for another sea turtle facts and information? If it is true, use this page to get all about this unique and cute animal properly.
Where Do Sea Turtles Live?
When you join animal conservation especially the sea turtle? If you have ever been the member, certainly, you know it. Actually, it does not difficult to find them because almost all beaches can be their place to lay their eggs. Indeed, the sea turtle facts of the habitat are clear.
According to the website of www.nationalgeographic.com, it states that the sea turtles are found in every ocean except the Arctic and Antarctic. Even though, the seventh, the flatback, lives only in the waters around Australia. Absolutely, the sea turtle itself runs their life with migration.
What Do Sea Turtles Eat?
The sea turtle or the scientific name is Cheloniidae, Dermochelyidae includes as the omnivore diet. It implies this animal eats the animals and plantation. This attractive sea turtle fact is still in a common category.
The scientists had learned that the diet of the sea turtle based on the species. Meanwhile, the animal itself has seven species. Here are lists of the diet based on the species:
Sometimes the scientists call it as gelatinivores or gelatinous prey. It is as their diet consists exclusively of jellies and other soft-bodied invertebrates like tunicates and sea squirts.
The sea turtles facts about this diet because they have 2 sharply pointed cusps. One is on the upper and another is on the lower jaw to pierce jellies and other soft-bodied organisms.
The Loggerheads have two kinds of diets where the adults are carnivores. They eat crabs, conchs, whelks, and horseshoe crabs. Meanwhile, the hatchlings are omnivores with eating both plant and animal material. This second species has a massive head and strong jaws to crush hard-shelled prey.
3. Kemp’s Ridley
It also includes in a carnivore that eats crabs, fish, jellies, shrimp, and a variety of molluscs. Even though, it prefers prey though is a crab.
Apparently, the sea turtle fact of the Green is herbivores although the hatchlings are omnivores. Their main diet consists of algae, seagrasses, and seaweed. Greens scrape algae off rocks and tear grasses and seaweeds use the finely serrated (saw-like) beak.
5. Olive Ridley
It includes an omnivore which eats a variety of animals and plants. They eat crabs, shrimp, lobster, urchins, jellies, algae, and fish.
Hawksbill often gets calling as spongivores because it has a special diet which consists almost exclusively of sponges. The hawksbill itself has a sharp, narrow “bird-like” beak to reach within crevices on the reef.
This is also an omnivore which consumes sea cucumbers, jellies, soft corals, shrimp, crabs, molluscs, fish, and seaweed.
How Long Do Sea Turtles Live?
Sea turtles have a long life where some of them can survive until 50 years or more. The sea turtle facts tell that it has a similar lifespan to human. Most of them need between 20 and 30 years old to mature. Then, it keeps active reproduction for 10 years again.
Absolutely, the sea turtles have been roaming the earth’s ocean for the last 110 million years. They do it to forage before eventually, they turn back to their nest again. One of the sea turtle migration facts comes from them which inhabit in Japan. They migrate to California Sur, Mexico.
Are Sea Turtles Endangered?
Based on the National Geography data, six of the seven sea turtle species include threatened or critically endangered. The largely cause comes human in the form of hunting, bycatch in fishing nets, pollution, and climate change. Climate change that warm the temperature of the sand that sea turtle eggs are laid in. This case affects the outcome of the hatchlings’ gender.
The clear sea turtle facts are people often catch them and consume their meat. In fact, use the shell and eggs as other selling commodities. Their nests are also often destroyed by the actions of coastal development. Artificial light from homes and other buildings attract hatchlings from the sea. They also often eat plastic garbage like jellyfish that has the potential to kill them.
Types of Sea Turtles
In the prior paragraph, it has told a bit of the sea turtle species. Here, the fact of the types or the species will be clearer. The sea turtle facts state there are 7 species living in the ocean thoroughly the world. They are:
It is the oldest, the largest of all sea turtles, and one of the largest reptiles on earth. The length; 4-8 feet, weighs; 500-2,000 pounds, average adult measures: 5-6 feet.
They inhabit in the Pacific, Indian, and Atlantic Oceans. The weights are from 200-400 pounds (90 – 180 kg) and the length up to 4 feet (1.2 meters).
3. Kemp’s Ridley
The sea turtle fact of Kemp’s Ridley is the smallest of the seven sea turtle species. The weight is between 75-100 pounds (35 – 45 kg) and the length are approximately 2 feet (.6 m).
The green turtle is the second largest after the leatherback with weighing up to 500 lbs (225 kg). Meanwhile, the length reaches four feet (1.2 m).
5. Olive Ridley
It becomes the second smallest after Kemp’s ridley. The olive ridley turtles weigh between 75-100 pounds (34 – 45 kg) and the length reaches 2-2 ½ feet (roughly .6 m).
One of the smaller turtles where the adults weigh between 100-200 pounds (45 – 90 kg), Then, it reaches 2-3 feet (roughly .5 to 1 meter) in length.
The adult flatback weighs 200 pounds with the approximately 3 feet in length.
Baby Sea Turtles Facts
Indeed, these reptiles spend their entire lives in the sea, except when the females mature. Adult females usually come to the beach to lay eggs several times per season every 2 to 5 years. After about sixty days, baby turtles or hatchlings emerge from their sandy nests and go to the ocean. Teenage turtles spend their first few years in the open ocean. Then they move to the bay, estuary and other nearshore waters as adults.
Well, those are some sea turtle facts and information which you need. You should learn it first before conducting your fieldwork. In fact, their life is unsafe because of some cases. Therefore, you must protect them and nurture life.